Most Important GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Question Types


Are you planning to take GMAT Test soon? Here is an important topic you should know before you start GMAT preparation. We are going to present the most important GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Questions types for the students.

GMAT has 4 subsections – Quantitative, Verbal, Integrated Reasoning, and Analytical Essay, where the Quantitative Reasoning section is for 62 minutes with 31 questions. As the math questions are high school level, there are absolutely no trigonometry and calculus. Even though the questions are not of high standards, the candidates should be quicker with their calculations as a calculator is not allowed for the GMAT Quant Section.

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section Breakdown:

As there are 62 questions in the GMAT Quant section, one can expect a minimum of 14-16 Data Sufficiency questions and 21-23 questions on problem-solving for sure. So it is clear that a major part of the Quant questions in GMAT will be problem-solving. Also, as 62 questions of GMAT are from the quant section, the Quant section is the key to score high on the GMAT test.

Syllabus for GMAT Quantitative Reasoning section:

GMAT Quant section is one of the easy quant sections among other standardized tests because of its basic standard questions. The GMAT test makers limited the syllabus for basic math concepts which are required for real life. So, most of the questions revolve around Algebra, Arithmetic, and Geometry.

Here are the topics from which you can expect GMAT Quantitative section questions.

•  Algebraic Equations and Inequalities
•  Ratios
•  Factors
•  Multiples
•  Integers
•  Number lines
•  Variable operations
•  Arithmetic
•  Decimals
•  Geometry and coordinate geometry
•  Percentages
•  Exponents and Square root

Most Important question types in GMAT Quantitative Reasoning:

There are two question types in the Quantitative Reasoning section, Problem Solving, and Data Sufficiency.

1. Problem-Solving questions in GMAT

Most of the Quantitative Reasoning questions are of the problem-solving type. Candidates need to employ algebra, geometry, and arithmetic to solve these kinds of questions. Here is a problem-solving sample question in GMAT.


If p and q are integers such that |p – q| > 4, which of the following cannot be possible values of (p, q)?

a) (-1, -6)
b) (-6, -1)
c) (1, 6)
d) (6, 1)
e) (-1, 1)

Here is an example of a problem-solving type of question with Algebra. As the question is straightforward, it is easy to answer.

[Read more: 5 Easy Tips to score high on GMAT Quant]

2. Data Sufficiency questions in GMAT

Data sufficiency questions in GMAT have a question and two statements to answer it. There is no need to solve the question but, candidates need to know how to solve it. They need to answer on the sufficiency of the given two statements.


If P and Q are integers such that M = N2 + 1, is M divisible by 12?

•   N+1 is the square of an even number
•   N-1 is a two-digit number and the sum of its digits is a multiple of 3

Answer Options:

  1. Statement (1) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (2) alone is not sufficient
  2. Statement (2) ALONE is sufficient, but statement (1) alone is not sufficient
  3. Both statements TOGETHER are sufficient, but NEITHER statement ALONE is sufficient
  4. EACH statement ALONE is sufficient
  5. Statements (1) and (2) TOGETHER are NOT sufficient

Here in this example, a question is asked, and to answer that question the evaluator presented two statements. To answer the data sufficient questions, one must know the way to solve it but no need to solve it. So with the knowledge of how to solve the given question, the candidate must judge whether the given hints are sufficient or not or only one is enough to solve.

Analytical and critical thinking skills are being tested in this Data sufficiency kind of questions in the GMAT Quant section.

Is GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Section Difficult?

GMAT Quantitative Reasoning Section is neither difficult nor easy. Why because GMAT is a computer-adaptive test. If the candidate is answering the questions correctly, the upcoming question’s difficulty level increases. In the same way, if he has wrong answers continuously, the next questions will be a bit easy. This system is to ease the test taker to clear the test. This is the same reason why it is easy to score more on the GMAT test.


Proper guidance and the perfect practice can together achieve heights. Reach out to our GMAT Expert training sessions for more expert tips and guidance.